There is no proven cure for alopecia however there
are certain treatments which are effective in stopping hair loss or restoring hair. Alopecia may
occur due to certain hormonal changes or due to excessive exposure to bad conditions like
extreme sunlight and treated water. The treatment for alopecia generally may lead to certain side
effects and these treatments tend to be time consuming too. Hence, the patient needs to know
the pros and cons of the treatment and then decide whether to go ahead with it or not.
Treatment for alopecia
The treatment of alopecia can be done in several ways through topical medicines or medicines to
intake. The treatments are effective but have certain side effects. Here are some of the major
treatments for alopecia:
Corticosteroids: Corticosteroids are the most common treatment for hair loss. These can be
applied directly on the site of hair loss or on the scalp. Nowadays, it comes in injectable form too
which can be given directly on the scalp. Short term use of corticosteroids generally shows no side
effects, however they may suppress the immunity due to prolonged use.
Drugs like Minoxidil: Some medicines like Minoxidil are drugs licensed to be used in the treatment
of alopecia. They can be applied topically and this medicine is effective in the patches where there
is no hair growth. The side effects of this medicament include itching and rashes on the scalp.
Apart from this there is an occasional overgrowth of hair. some other medications which are used
for the treatment of alopecia are those used for autoimmune disorder.
UV light treatment: this treatment involves the application of a drug which is sensitive to light and
then the area is exposed to UV light. This treatment however is not preferred as it takes the help
of burnt skin due to which the immune system automatically starts repairing skin tissues which
lead to regrowth of hair. The UVB treatment is also similar to PUVA. It involves exposure of scalp
to UV rays and this results in regrowth of hair.
Zinc: Zinc when taken orally, has shown benefits in the treatment of alopecia. The prolonged
treatment with zinc is effective to combat hair loss. Mild side effects like diahorea and vomiting
are seen. However this can be one of the mildest and cheapest medications for the effective
treatment of hair loss.
Alopecia is a condition which cannot be treated. The hair loss cannot be reversed but treated in
some cases. Some of the most common remedies for alopecia are wearing wigs, scarves or hats,
which make the person, feel confident. In some cases, hair loss occurs due to high levels of
stress. Once the stress is relieved hair loss stops automatically. Hair loss is a natural
phenomenon which occurs in 20% of men and women. This may lead to depression and sadness.
It affects the person psychologically more that affecting physically. Psychological therapy and
advice is equally important for people suffering from alopecia.